The Olive tree is native to the Mediterranean area that adapts to all kinds of soils, even if calcareous. It does not tolerate temperatures below 12° C or soils that are not drained.

TRANSPLANTING

When transplanting an olive tree, it is important to prepare an easy to be drained soil; in a flat area it is advisable to dig a hole of approx. 1  mq, then fill it with drainage material, fertilize with organic matter (dried manure and horn-hoof mixture),  add a layer of soil and place the plant.

The olive tree shall be planted as deep as it was in the growing pot, the collar shall be left exposed in order to avoid fungi diseases that might compromise its growth and cause it to die.

It is important to fix the plant to a stake in order to prevent young roots be damaged by the wind.

At least in its first years the plant needs to be watered constantly to keep on growing vigorously.

Fertilizations, to be carried out from March through end of June, shall be light and frequent (every 15-20 days)

The cultivation  density varies from 200 to 250 plants per hectare, depending on the grower’s choice.

OUR CULTIVATION TECHNIQUES

GRAFTING OLIVE TREES

The technique

Grafting is a technique where parts of different plants are joined, so that they can grow close together as a single plant.

Why grafting

This technique is used for several advantages: to make olive trees more tolerant to diseases, cold and draught; to replace older cultivars and to bring suitable pollinizers into the plant.

STRIKING OLIVE TREES

The technique

The  “mist”  is used  for encouraging rooting in  half-woody cuttings; the cuttings are removed from the parent plant by the end of summer or by the end of winter, and after being treated with rhizogenic substances they are placed  in the  rooting pallets

Growing in the nursery

The growing phase in the nursery is through plants in containers (15x15x20 cm) that are assisted all throughout the year with con fertigation and treatments against parasites.